Handling of Dengue Fever in Children
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is one of the causes of child mortality is high enough in some Asian countries. This disease is carried by the virus through a female mosquito intermediate of Aedes aegypti type.
DHF is classified as mild in children, often in the form of fever without any specific symptoms. If symptoms occur, it usually occurs about 4-7 days after being bitten by a mosquito that causes dengue fever.
Causes of Dengue Fever
Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus that is spread through the bite of aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus mosquitoes that are widely breeding in densely populated areas, in humid and warm climates. Because spread by mosquito bites, then dengue fever can not send between humans like some other diseases, such as flu. This disease is usually a problem in tropical and subtropical countries, and even estimated a hundred million cases of dengue that occur in the world every year and there are thousands of people who contracted in a short time.
Dengue Symptoms in ChildrenIn more severe cases of dengue, the child may experience symptoms that are generally in the form of:
- High fever up to 40 degrees Celsius
- Pain in the back of the eye
- Pain in bones, muscles, and joints
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swelling of the gland.
In addition, children may experience red spots on some parts of the body. The symptoms will generally last for 7 days.
However, in certain situations, symptoms may worsen, leading to dengue shock syndrome. This condition can be life threatening, due to leakage of blood vessels and decreased platelet count. If not treated immediately, can cause bleeding from the gums and nose, bleeding under the skin, difficulty breathing, weakness, continuous vomiting, cold sweat and severe abdominal pain.
How to handle it
Immediately take it to the doctor if your child has some of the symptoms of DHF above. The doctor will do a blood test to confirm the diagnosis.
Actually there is no special treatment for DHF, but doctors can help reduce the severity of the symptoms and improve the immune system to fight the virus, namely:
If your doctor prescribes paracetamol to lower your fever, make sure the child is taking it. In addition, it can use a compress on the forehead to lower the fever.
- Make sure the child gets enough rest.
- Give plenty of fluid to the child to prevent dehydration.
- Give foods rich in nutrients.
- Avoid giving painkillers like aspirin and ibuprofen because they can affect platelet levels in the blood and increase the risk of bleeding.
Not infrequently children affected by dengue should be treated at the hospital. As a step to replace fluids lost due to diarrhea, vomiting or loss of appetite, the doctor will give fluids through the infusion. In the case of a child who loses a lot of blood, a blood transfusion is necessary.
Provision of Dengue Vaccine
Currently there is a vaccine to prevent DHF. Based on research that has been done in some countries, this vaccine can be used. However, many factors are still a concern. As the price of this vaccine is still not able to reach all levels of society.
To prevent dengue in children, you can do several ways. Among others are using anti-mosquito lotion, using insect repellent, cleaning water reservoirs, installing anti-mosquito wire and using closed clothes to protect from mosquito bites.